Topic – Conservation and Environmental degradation
5) Critically analyze whether the practice of compensatory afforestation under CAMPA is ecologically sound?(250 words)
Why this question
The article highlights a problem inherent in CAMPA where the value of natural forests is unrecognised and compensatory afforestation is deemed equivalent to recreating forest land. This article will help us in critical analysis of CAMPA.
Key demand of the question
The focus here is on understanding whether the provisions of CAMPA serves well the very purpose it is designed to achieve which is ecological conservation. We have to highlight the merits and demerits of the act and a fair and balanced view on it.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the growing threat of climate change and the risk India is under as pointed out by a recent WB report.
Body – Describe the main provisions of the Act like it ensures expeditious and transparent utilization of amounts realised in lieu of forest land diverted for non-forest purpose. Examine the main ecological issues that the design and implementation of the act creates. Examine the role of the implementation agency as highlighted in the article. Thereafter, mention the need of an Act like CAMPA because of the developmental imperative. Discuss how can we improve the situation.
Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view on how far CAMPA helps in protecting the ecology. Mention that the challenge lies more in implementation than the design.