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3) Although HECI will bring substantial reforms in education sector, it fails to address several problems affecting higher education in India. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Although HECI will bring substantial reforms in education sector, it fails to address several problems affecting higher education in India. Critically analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

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Why this question

HECI has been recently proposed by the central government as a body which will replace UGC. It will have significant impact on higher education in India. But there are several issues in the body itself as well as unrelated to it, which need attention. The issue is related to GS- 2 syllabus under the following heading –

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out  how HECI will bring reform in education sector, what are the issues that are still left or arising out of HECI itself. Finally, we have to express our personal opinion on the issue.

Directive word

Critically analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and address the key demands of the question individually, while maintaining a synergy between them. Based on our discussion, we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about HECI replacing UGC.

Body-

  • Discuss how HECI will reform higher education. E.g segregation of regulatory functions and power of grants, expanded powers in terms of closing down institutes, transparent public disclosures, merit-based decision making on matters regarding standards and quality in higher education, mentoring etc.
  • Discuss the issues arising out of HECI. e.g While the proposed Bill seeks to empower the HECI with all academic functions, its role vis-à-vis professional bodies is unclear; whether depriving the HECI completely of funding functions will affect its efficacy and stature in discharging its onerous responsibility remains a major question; HECI as an overarching regulator vs its aim to  develop mechanisms so that more institutions are encouraged to move out of its regulatory ambit ; multiplicity of roles of the chairperson etc.

Conclusion- mention the other challenges in the path of reforming higher education like allocation of resources etc. Form a fair and balanced opinion on the issue.