Topic – Indian agriculture – issues
4) Every year we see that Indian farmers suffer both during surplus production and deficit production. Examine the reasons why and evaluate whether increasing MSP for crops would address the issue?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses a significant problem being faced by the Indian farmers – low prices for their farm produce both during deficit and surplus production. The inadequacy of the MSP regime is evident whose purpose is to protect farmers against this very risk. Looking at ways to ensure that farmers get the right price and inflation in check is the focus here.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the reasons behind low farmer income irrespective of production. Post explaining the fundamental issues at work here, we need to evaluate whether increasing MSP would help solve farmers woes.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the objective of doubling farmer’s income by 2022 and the significant challenge posed by the problem highlighted in the question.
- Highlight some of the incidents such as the glut in sugar prices , the rise of farmers protects such as in Maharashtra etc which proves that the farmer is suffering from a double whammy of climate change and low price for their produce.
- Examine the reasons behind it – low penetration of procurement agencies in several pockets of India and for , reactive import export policy for agricultural goods, lack of agricultural infrastructure etc
- Discuss whether increasing MSP beyond current level would help address the issue of low prices being fetched by farmers.
Conclusion – Emphasize on the severity of the issue and discuss way forward.