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3)Discuss the organizational structure, vision and functioning of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). (250 words)

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3)Discuss the organizational structure, vision and functioning of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). (250 words)

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Reference

Wikipedia

WHY THIS QUESTION

There have been several incident of chemical attacks e.g in Syria and recently the OPCW, the organization related to Chemical weapons convention (CWC) has got some new powers in this regard. The issue is related to gs- 2 syllabus under the following heading

Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Key demand of the question.

the question wants us to simply write in detail about the organisational structure of OPCW, its vision and key activities/ mandate.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive. We have to write in detail about the key demand of the question- organisational structure,  vision and mandate of OPCW

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention that OPCW is the implementing agency of chemical Weapons convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997.

Body

  1. Mention the vision of OPCW ( to implement the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention in order to achieve the vision for a world that is free of chemical weapons and of the threat of their use, and in which cooperation in chemistry for peaceful purposes for all is fostered).
  2. Briefly discuss the organisational structure of OPCW- 193 member states, the organisational structure described in the Chemical Weapons Convention (whose members are all in OPCW); Conference of the States Parties; Executive Council; Technical Secretariat etc.
  3. Discuss the mandate/ activities of OPCW. e.g Elimination of the chemical weapons stockpiles and chemical weapons production facilities subject to the verification measures established in the Convention; Non-proliferation of Chemical Weapons, through the application of verification and implementation measures.; Assistance and Protection against Chemical Weapons, their use, or threat of use, in accordance with the Convention;

International Cooperation; National Implementation etc.

Conclusion– Form a fair, balanced and a concise opinion on the overall issue along with highlighting India’s concerns regarding the new powers of OPCW-holding an entity responsible for the chemical attack.