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1)European nationalism, in its modern sense, was born out of the desire of a community to assert its unity and independence. Comment.(250 words)

 

Topic – Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

 1)European nationalism, in its modern sense, was born out of the desire of a community to assert its unity and independence. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The issue is related to GS- 1 syllabus under the following heading-

Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding on the issue on the rise on nationalism in Europe and bring out whether it was born out of the desire of the community to assert its unity and independence.

Directive word

Comment- Here we have to form an opinion based on our knowledge and understanding and discuss the issue (give an account of history) vis a vis our stand. We have to necessarily justify our opinion.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that Nationalism is the ideological basis for the development of the modern nation-state and it  was an important factor in the development of Europe.

Body-  Discuss how nationalism in Europe arose and spread. Give historical accounts of landmark events to support your answer.

E.g French revolution; unification of Italy- The Italians imbibed the revolutionary ideals of liberty and nationalism and became conscious of the need for their own national integration.; Unification of germany; series of revolutions spanning almost whole of Europe etc.

Conclusion– In the end, form a fair, concise and a balanced opinion on the rise and growth of nationalism in Europe.