[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 JUNE 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


 

Topic – Part of static series under the heading “Article 32 as the soul of Constitution”

1) Examine why BR Ambedkar called Article 32 as the heart and soul of the constitution?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to answer the significance of article 32 and what makes it one of the most important provisions of the constitution.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what article 32 is

Body – Highlight the significance of article 32 which makes it one of the most significant provisions of the constitution. Mention that without article 32, fundamental rights lose their importance, it is a part of basic structure . Mention that it is only by granting the power to SC as the protector of the constitution we are securing the rights of the people. Discuss the impact of article 32 through some cases.

Conclusion – Mention that article 32 is the pillar on which part 3 of our constitution rests and thus it becomes the soul of the constitution.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Creation of a body like Higher education Commission of India (HECI) is a welcome move in the path of reforming higher education in India. Discuss.(250 words)

Economic times

The hindu

Pib

Why this question

The government has expressed its intention to bring in the Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of University Grants Commission Act) Bill, 2018, which will replace  UGC with HECI. It will bring substantial and much required reform in the higher education regulation of India. The issue is related to gs- 2 syllabus under the following heading –

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the salient provisions of the Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of University Grants Commission Act) Bill 2018 and How is HECI, the body proposed by the bill better than UGC.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about all the important and related aspects of the question – salient provisions of the given bill and discuss how they aim to reform the higher education in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of University Grants Commission Act) Bill 2018 which seeks to repeal  UGC Act and provides for setting up of HECI has been placed in public domain for comments and suggestions.

Body-

  • Discuss the salient provisions of HECI bill and how the proposed body HECI will be better than UGC. e.g The new regime separates the academic and funding aspects of higher education with no powers of grant with HECI; regime of transparent public disclosure vs inspection system in UGC; more powers than UGC like power to shut down bogus and sub-standard academic institutions etc.
  • Mention the other provisions of the bill which will help reforming higher education in India. E.g  roadmap for mentoring of institutions found failing in maintaining the required academic standards, Code of Good Practices covering promotion of research, teaching and learning; making education affordable to all etc.

Conclusion- mention that this is a welcome step and should be complemented by reforming other bodies like AICTE, NCTE etc.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes

3) Ujjwala scheme has brought about a transformational change for its intended beneficiaries. Critically examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Ujjwala scheme has completed two years and there have been contrasting reports on the measure of success of the scheme. From the point of view of mains, high focus government scheme like Ujjwala is quite important.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to assess the pros and cons of the scheme and its implementation and examine whether it has indeed made a transformational impact on the lives of its intended beneficiaries.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the details of Ujjwala scheme.

Body – Highlight the potential positives of Ujjwala scheme , the vision at the time it was brought in – address the health woes, environment etc. For that to happen, consistent use of LPG cylinder is reqd, and merely an increase in number of initial users who might switch as soon as they have to bear the cost might not yield a lot of benefit. highlight how the government is providing financial support and ensuring continuity. Also examine how the scheme is not fully capable of delivering the benefits, and the issues due to which this is so.

Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced view and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic – Indian economy – issues

4) On 1st of July, GST will celebrate an year of existence. Critically analyze the performance of GST regime so far?(250 words)

Financial express

Financial express

 

Why this question

GST, the most significant tax reform in India, will complete a year in July. This provides an opportune moment to discuss the impact of the scheme and the way forward.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the impact of GST on various sectors, bring out the pros and cons and present our view on how effective GST has been, in terms of the perceived gains that the administrators thought would accrue with the implementation of GST.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain GST and the objectives of implementing it.

Body – Discuss the overall impact of GST on businesses, tax collection, cooperative federalism, mechanisms and provisions of GST which have impacted the tax administration etc. Discuss the pros and cons. Highlight how the situation can be improved.

Conclusion – Being out a fair and balanced conclusion on the impact of GST and what the way forward should be.


Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) E-commerce has opened new vistas of opportunity for women entrepreneurs in India. Comment. Also, discuss how Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) launched by NITI Aayog aims to support women entrepreneurship.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

pib

Why this question

E-commerce is growing at a very fast rate in India and relying on new technologies and increasing social media penetration, it has increased opportunities for womwn entrepreneurship in India. The NITI Aayog has recently signed statement of intent (SoI) with several financial institutions & social organisations with an aim to increase the number of women entrepreneurs under the WEP. The issue is related to gs-3 syllabus under the following heading

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding on the rise of e-commerce and its effect on women entrepreneurship. It also wants us to write in detail about the aim and strategy of WEP launched by NITI Aayog.

Directive word

Comment- We have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and bring out how e-commerce has helped women entrepreneurs.

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the WEP.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that growing adoption of technology, increased social media penetration, growing education and growth of e-commerce has provided an enabling system for growth of  women entrepreneurship in India.

Body

  • Discuss how e-commerce has helped women entrepreneurs; minimum investment needed, no gender barriers, opening up new markets, marketing and market analysis through social media etc.
  • Discuss how WEP started and its aim (to substantially increase the number of women entrepreneurs who will create and empower a dynamic New India) and how it wants to achieve those aims( e.g .motivating aspiring entrepreneurs to start their enterprise, providing knowledge and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship, providing hands-on support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling up businesses, a dedicated and interactive website to act as a dedicated resource and knowledge base, operate within a broader framework of industry collaborations and partnerships, which cut across sectors in the economy etc.)

Conclusion- form a fair and a balance conclusion on the above issue.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6)The educational philosophy of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh still holds relevance for the present India. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The issue is related to gs-4 syllabus under the following heading

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the educational philosophy of India, highlight its salient facets and form an opinion on its relevance for the modern/ present India.

Directive word

Comment- We have to express our knowledge of the education philosophy of Sri A. Ghosh and bring out how it is still relevant for India. You can also take the opposite stand and justify it through shedding light on his philosophy.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that was a rare combination of a philosopher, a yogi and educationist, a political leader and a spiritualist.

Body

Discuss the salient facets of his philosophy on education (e.g the guiding principle of Sri Aurobindo’s education philosophy was the awakening of the individual as a spiritual being; Sri Aurobindo made a five-fold classification of human nature i.e. the physical, the mental, the psychic and the spiritual, corresponding to five aspects of education – physical education, vital education, mental education, psychic education and spiritual or supermental education; integrated curriculum; activity method, observation, self discovery, discussion method, learning by doing, learning by self experience during teaching learning process etc.

The Scandinavian education system closely resembles such system. Take help of the article attached to the question to frame your answer.

Conclusion– Mention that the philosophy of Sri A. Ghosh is relevant to the India which needs to seek overall development of a child in all the spheres, reasoning ability, moral independence etc.



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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