Topic:Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
2) The controversy surrounding India’s most successful DDT programme affirms that several policy changes are required to be made by India . Comment. Also, discuss the legal mechanism in place to regulate organ transplantation in India.(250 words)
Key demand of the question.
India has one of the most successful DDT programs in the world in the form of DDT programme of Tamil Nadu. However, the issue has been in news recently for various reasons. It is important to know about the legal context, performance and various issues affecting the programme. The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading-
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the country’s most successful DDT programme, and discuss the changes required in such programmes along with proper arguments justifying it. We also have to write in detail about the legal mechanism in place in India to regulate organ transplantation.
Comment- we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an opinion on whether some policy changes are required to be made by India in the context of the controversy arising out of the country’s most successful DDT program.
Discuss- we have to write in detail about the legal mechanism in place in India to regulate organ transplantation.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- mention that Tamil Nadu’s DDT program is one of the most successful DDT programs in the world. Also, briefly discuss the recent controversy arising out of the program.
- Discuss the issues arising from organ transplantation like Tamilnadu’s DDT program and discuss why India needs to bring in some policy changes to solve the problem. E.g more subscription of wealthy, foreign donors; commercial transplantation scandals, high costs of transplantation, high demand for organs but limited capacity to pay etc.
- Then highlight the required policy changes. e.g building the capacity of public hospitals, subsidising transplantation, enabling affirmative action in the allocation process in favour of public hospitals etc.
- Mention that health is a state subject then many states have ratified the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994 and the Transplantation of Human Organs Rules – 1995. Also, discuss the salient provisions of this legal mechanism.
Conclusion– draw a fair, balanced and concise conclusion on the given issue.