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4) Conducting joint military exercises comes with its own benefits and pitfalls. Critically comment, in the context of India.(250 words)

Topic:India and its neighborhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4) Conducting joint military exercises comes with its own benefits and pitfalls. Critically comment, in the context of India.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

India has been conducting a lot of joint military exercises. Hence it is essential to understand their purpose as well as pitfalls associated with them. The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading-

India and its neighborhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to bring out the benefits/ purpose of conducting joint military exercises and what downfalls it brings along. We have to discuss the issue in the context of Indian and its international relations.

Directive word

Critically comment- We have to express our understanding and knowledge on the issue by discussing the pros and cons of holding joint military exercises by India. After that, we have to form a personal opinion on the overall issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention that India has conducted around 100 military exercises since last 6 years, with several countries ranging from Nepal to US and Myanmar to France.

Body

  • Discuss the purpose of joint military exercises. E.g to improve inter-coordination and interoperability; forging a bond between participating nations and enhance the level of cooperation between them; operational interaction with military professionals trained in an entirely different operational environment; involvement of their militaries in a joint exercise, rather than in war, is the best form of CBM etc.
  • Discuss the limitations/ pitfalls of joint military exercises. E.g International military exercises are carried out within well-defined, pre-decided and mutually agreed rules of engagement (RoE)- which affects their significance; Each participant in an international exercise keeps certain capabilities out of bounds for the exercise in order to retain operational independence;Any leakage to a nation/organisation inimical to one’s own could result in a security compromise etc.

Conclusion– mention that International defence cooperation is an imperative for building our capabilities to deal with how we envisage our current and emerging role in the international arena.International military exercises are, thus, efficient tools to engage partnering nations and enhance existing relationships. Gradually, multiservice and multinational exercises with an enhanced scope need to be organised in India to make the entire process of military engagement more efficient.