Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
3) Critically analyze the Jajmani system, as was prevalent in several parts of India.(250 words)
Why this question
The issue is related to GS- 1 syllabus under the following heading-
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deep into the issue of Jajmani system, identify and discuss the benefits as well as harms associated with the system and then come up with a personal opinion on the issue.
Critically analyze- We have to dig deep into the question, identify the essential characteristics of the Jajmani system as was prevalent in India; its benefits as well as disadvantages. Based on our discussion, we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – give a brief definition of Jajmani system.
- Briefly discuss its essential features. E.g barter system, durable relationship, hereditary, idea of paternal relationship etc.
- Discuss the benefits of the system. E.g economic and food security, intimate and close relationship, peaceful coexistence, self sufficiency etc.
- Discuss the cons of the system. E.g source of exploitation, artificial and rigid division of society into upper and lower class, impediment to social as well as economic mobility, propagation of caste system etc.
Conclusion– Mention that Jajmani system had several benefits but the system was gradually manipulated to serve the needs of the rich and laned class etc. Also mention the role of socioreligous organizations in eradicating the Jajmani system.