Topic: part of Static series under the heading “Freedom of Speech and Expression and Censorship”
2)India’s poor ranking on Press Freedom Index reflects the growing threat to freedom of press. Examine. Also discuss press reforms required to bring back the lost trust in media such that it functions effectively as the fourth pillar of democracy?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to examine the situation related to freedom of press in India, the causes why it is under threat and the impact that it would have. In the second part, we need to bring out the press reforms required for media to regain the lost trust and function effectively as the fourth pillar of democracy.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight that India has fallen on the press freedom index with its position only slightly above Pakistan, which does not portend well with respect to press freedom in India.
Body – Bring out the status quo of press freedom in India. Examine the reasons why it is under threat. Discuss the impact that new forms of technology like social media has had on press freedom. Highlight the impact lack of freedom of press would have on democracy.
In the next part, discuss the reforms such as Leveson committee reforms etc which would help strengthen freedom of press by imparting greater credibility to media.
Conclusion – Discuss the importance of press freedom for democracy and the necessity of undertaking press reform asap.