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7) The ethics of the Vedic Hindus is primarily a god-oriented ethics while the  Upanishadic ethics is primarily intellectualistic.. Comment.(250 words)

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) The ethics of the Vedic Hindus is primarily a god-oriented ethics while the  Upanishadic ethics is primarily intellectualistic.. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

The question is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading-

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Key demand of the question.

the question wants us to express our understanding of the vedic ethics and present our opinion on the given statement- whether the ethics of the Vedic Hindus are primarily a god-oriented ethics or not. Similarly we have to discuss the Upanishad ethics and their intellectual foundation.

Directive word

Comment -We have to express our knowledge and understanding on both the aspects of the question and give arguments in support of our stand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that the beginning of Indian ethics can be traced to Vedas and introduce the concept of, rta which gave rise to the concept of karma and dharma .

Body

  1. Discuss  how the vedic ethics was primarily God oriented ethics.E.g explain the meaning of the karma and dharma, According to Vedic ethics, moral order or law is reflected in the right performance of sacrifices and so one who performs these sacrifices and the ceremonial duties laid down in the scriptures, would achieve the goal of eternal happiness in heaven.
  2. Discuss why the Upanishad ethics is primarily intellectualistic. E.g they propound that the Vedic sacrifices are totally irrelevant for the realization of moksa. And so man is constantly exhorted to seek his individual liberation and not worry about other social, moral obligation; etc.

Conclusion– form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue based on your discussion.