Topic – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health
2) How far do you agree with the view that healthcare expenditure is a major cause of poverty in India? Critically examine the steps taken in recent years to reduce the burden of expenses related to healthcare?(250 words)
Why this question
The government has introduced several schemes and taken executive actions which would reduce Out of pocket expenditure on healthcare. One of the objectives is also to address poverty caused due to costly healthcare. Hence this question.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to examine the interrelationship between poverty and healthcare related costs. Thereafter it expects us to enlist the steps taken by the government and critical analysis of whether or not they would be helpful in addressing this issue.
Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the key steps taken by the government to reduce cost of healthcare and the overall objective.
Body – Bring out how high cost of healthcare is a major reason for poverty in India. Post that, discuss the steps taken by the government in recent times to address this issue – Ayushman Bharat, capping of stent prices, national health policy etc. Assess how far these measures would help in bringing down healthcare cost.
Conclusion – Summarize your view and discuss the importance of success of these steps.