Topic – Fundamental Rights
3)What do you mean by negative and positive rights? Discuss the category in which fundamental rights provided by Indian constitution fall into?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question is quite straightforward. It expects us to explain what fundamental rights are and assess whether the fundamental rights provided by Indian state fall into the category of negative or positive rights.
Discuss – Post explaining what negative and positive rights are, we need to assess and categorise fundamental rights into the aforementioned categories by giving suitable reasons.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Start with the importance of fundamental rights and the kind of empowerment that fundamental rights in India does.
Body – explain what are positive and negative rights. Negative rights are limitations on the action of the state, the occurrence of which would have curbed the freedom that an individual/community enjoys. Positive rights are direct action by the state which improve the ability of the individual/community to live the life they desire.
Thereafter, assess the nature of fundamental rights and categorise them into negative and positive rights.
Conclusion – Mention that for true empowerment of India, both positive and negative rights are important and thus implementation of DPSP is as important as the protection of FRs.