Topic – Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1) Although the contact between the Macedonians and ancient Indians was for a brief period, its impact was fairly wide in range. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
Greek invasion of northwest India and contact with the Indian civilization though short lived had a profound impact. The issue is important as far as UPSC mains exam is concerned and is indirectly related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-
Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Key demand of the question.
The question simply wants us to describe at length, the effect of Greek contact with India. We have to dig deep into the issue and describe how the Greek contact affected India’s economy, polity, society etc.
Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question- what was the impact of Greek contact with India.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – briefly discuss the Alexander’s invasion of north-western India and (brief but with significant impact) extension of Macedonian empire.
Discuss in points about the impact of contact between Macedonians and ancient Indians.
E.g It brought Europe, for the first time, in close contact with India, as routes, by sea and by land, were opened between India and the West. A close commercial relation was also established, Greek writers left many valuable geographical accounts of this region , it paved the way for political unification of north western India, Gandhara art school developed, making of coins, the date of Alexander’s invasion – 326 BC provides a definite ‘marker’ for arranging the sequence of historical events in India. Etc.
Name the Greeks who have left an account of the period e.g Arrian, admiral
Nearchus, and Megasthenes.
Conclusion– Form a balanced and concise opinion based on your discussion.