Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
7)Discuss in what ways can you motivate your subordinate public servants. (250 words)
Why this question
The question is related to GS 4 syllabus under the following heading-
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
Key demand of the question
The question simply wants us to delve into the issue of motivation, analyze the difference between public and private sector and write in detail about how public servants can be motivated for higher performance.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to dig deep into the question and write in detail about the ways in which subordinate public servants can be motivated.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– briefly discuss the difference between private and public sector which demands a different approach of motivation. E.g paucity of resources, public criticism, more accountability to public in public service etc.
Body– Discuss in points about the two main sources ( internal and external) of motivation for public servants. Bring out the importance and role of the two sources. Also describe how internal sources of motivation can be triggered ( e.g placing confidence in subordinates and delegating enough powers, appreciating good work, higher engagement etc.). Similarly, discuss how external sources can be utilised ( e.g giving good APR in case of good performance). Also discuss that external sources are not significant in case of public service due to paucity of resources and ethical concerns.
Conclusion- Form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue based on the above discussion.