Topic – Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1) The British exploitation f India can be divided into three main stages. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
The British conquest of India was gradual and in stages. Similarly The exploitation of Indian resources was also done in stages. It is an important question as far as mains exam is concerned. The issue is related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
Key demand of the question.
The question simply wants us to write in detail about the British exploitation f India and describe the three main stages in which it can be divided.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which wants us to write exhaustively about the three main stages of British conquest of India.
We have to write in detail about the nature of those three stage.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– briefly discuss the start of British colonialism in India and mention the battle of Plassey.
Body– Discuss the three stages of British exploitation of India.
- The period of ‘merchant capital’ dating from 1757 to 1813.
- The period of ‘industrial capital’ dating from 1813 to 1858.
- The period of ‘finance capital’ starting from last decades of 19th century and continuing till independence.
Describe the salient characteristics and nature of the three stages in detail while restricting yourself to the word limit.
Conclusion– form a fair and a balanced conclusion based on the above discussion.