Topic– changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
2) Composite Water Management Index developed by Niti Aayog is the first of many steps required for tackling the water crisis in India. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
Water crisis is a common news event, with the crisis in Shimla being the latest incident. NITI Ayog has flagged the issue in its report and has also come out with the index to deal with the crisis by leveraging the spirit of cooperative competitive federalism. Examining this step along with discussing other steps required to address the water crisis is necessary.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the index, its purpose, the impact it would have. The question also mentions that it is one of the many steps required for dealing with the crisis. We need to examine the other steps required, and the impact that it would have. We need to end with a way forward.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the dreary picture related to water issues that NITI Ayog paints.
Body – Explain what composite water management index is. Examine how will it help in resolving the issues related to water. Discuss whether benchmarking exercises and instilling sense of competition would suffice. Highlight the other steps needed to tackle the existing issues related to water in the country. Here divide your answer in parts like administrative, infrastructure creation, policy changes etc.
Conclusion – Discuss the necessity of tackling this issue ASAP and the way forward.