Topic: World History
1) The era of Pax Americana, witnessed in full bloom in the era post World Wars, is being challenged by Trump. Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Ever since Trump came to power, several changes in American foreign policy has taken place, which reflect that American hegemony is on the decline, and America is ready to accept this truth. What is the meaning of Pax Americana and American hegemony, what are the challenges to it in Trump era, how relevant is it in the changing geopolitical environment are important topics to be discussed.
Key demand of the question
The question demands us to bring out the meaning of Pax Americana, the history of it as well as the implications of it. Thereafter, we need to describe the policies of Trump which is challenging American hegemony and the impact of it.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what is meant by Pax Americana.
- Mention how post world war, American hegemony grew and it became the global policeman
- Explain what are the components of American hegemony – pole position in Human Rights, global policeman, wide definition of national interest etc
- Examine how Trump’s policies are reversing this trend. Examine the major changes brought by his foreign policy (as explained in the article) and its impact on the global order
Conclusion – Mention that it will have a huge impact on power relations across the world and India must adapt to prosper.