Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal
associations and their role in the Polity.
5) Discuss the reasons behind high prevalence of child labour in India. Also, discuss the legal mechanism in place to address the issue.(250 words)
Why this question
12 june is celebrated as the World Day Against Child Labour. In India, Child labour is highly prevalent and a common sight across the country. There are legal mechanisms in place to address the issue. Although there are various issues associated with child labor, the question wants us to describe the reasons behind child labor and legal mechanisms in place only.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the reasons behind high prevalence of child labour in India and it wants us to simply describe the legal mechanism in place to address the issue.
Discuss- We have ro write at length about both the parts of the question- reasons behind as well as legal mechanisms in place.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – mention some statistics about prevalence of child labor in India. E.g International Labour Organization’s World Report on Child Labour etc.
- Discuss in points the reasons behind high prevalence of child labour in India.
E.g poverty, family tradition, social and economic backwardness, social and economic backwardness, cheap labor, poor compliance with the law etc.
B, discuss the legal mechanisms in place to address the issue.
E.g Fundamental rights under article 21-A, 24; right to education, Mines Act, The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act etc.
Conclusion- Mention the need to curb the problem of child labor in India and also suggest a few points as to what should be done in this matter.