Topic:Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Investment models.
7) Cooperative energy generation may present one of the most viable and self-sustaining solutions for rural communities.Discuss, in the light of India‘s universal electrification achievement.(250 words)
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to analyse India‘s universal electrification achievement and identify its deficiencies/ what more needs to be done. It then wants us to discuss how Cooperative energy generation may present one of the most viable and self-sustaining solutions for rural communities in India.
Discuss- we have to write in detail about the key demand of the question- what more needs to be done after universal electrification and feasibility/ desirability of cooperative energy generation.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Discuss the meaning of cooperative energy generation and mention the examples of countries where it has been successfully implemented.
- Mention India’s universal electrification achievement, low per-capita consumption, very low threshold for defining an electrified village, lack of physical access/ connection and economic capacity to buy electricity and bring out the imperative to increase physical and economic access to electricity.
- Discuss the advantages of cooperative electricity generation. E.g better management, better resource utilization, higher revenue generation/ collection etc.
Conclusion- Mention the need for low cost long term financing and need for outside vigil on the management etc. and other steps that should be taken.