Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6) Discuss some of the traditional water conservation structures/ techniques and examine their role in the present situation in India.(250 words)
Why this question
Although modern water conservation and harvesting techniques/ technologies are gaining prominence world over, the importance of traditional water conservation techniques is not overrated. The same conviction has been reiterated in several studies. The question is related to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to simply describe some of the traditional water conservation structures/ techniques and examine their role in the current water scenario in India.
Discuss- This is an all encompassing directive which directs us to write at length about both the aspects of the question- Describe the traditional water conservation structures/ techniques and bring out the role of these structures/ techniques in the present context in India.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention the need to conserve water, given the prospects of severe water shortages across many parts of the country, exacerbated by the climate change and growing population.
- Discuss in points, various traditional water conservation structures/ techniques found across the country. E.g Jarukattu, Neeruganti system, Kattas, step-wells, Bavadis, dhamasha system etc. Take the help of the attached articles and other sources to frame your answer.
- Bring out the need for revival of traditional water conservation structures/ techniques in the wake of growing water scarcity, inherent advantages of traditional structures like low cost, more adapted to local condition, community knowledge and participation is evoked etc.
Conclusion– Bring out a fair, balanced and concise opinion on the overall desirability of traditional water conservation/ harvesting techniques/ structures.