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4)The crises of sugar industry provides an opportunity for bolder reforms that those undertaken by the government, to permanently resolve the issues faced by sugar industry. Critically examine. (250 words)

Topic – Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices

4)The crises of sugar industry provides an opportunity for bolder reforms that those undertaken by the government, to permanently resolve the issues faced by sugar industry. Critically examine. (250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The government has recently come out with an 8000 crore package to resolve the issues faced by sugar industry. We need to do a critical examination of the reforms undertaken to understand whether they will solve the issues with finality or not.

Key demand of the question

The question requires us to highlight the issues faced by the sugar industry in brief, analyze whether the steps taken by government would help, or some bolder alternative is required. Our view is also solicited which should tell what the way forward should be.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that sugar industry is under crisis and government has come up with an 8000 crore package. The effectiveness of these measures need to be examined.

Body

  • Briefly discuss the issues being faced by the industry, to resolve which the government has taken steps. Here also mention the ICRIER study.
  • Mention the overall sense of the steps taken by the government. Examine its pros and cons. Mention the problems that would emerge out of the implementation of steps decided by the government which will again lead to the same issues.
  • Discuss some other alternative which can help solve the problems of sugar farmers and the lack of financial viability of sugar mills. Examine whether the Model Contract Farming Act would help

Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced view which mentions the way forward.

 

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