Topic: Separation of powers between various organs; disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
4) What are some of the important challenges faced by Indian democracy today. Also, suggest what should be done in this matter.(250 words)
Why this question
The question is related to GS2 syllabus under the following heading-
Separation of powers between various organs; disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to write in detail about what, according to you are the most pressing problems faced by Indian democracy in the present times. We also have to provide a solution or suggest a way forward for each of these problems.
Discuss- As an all-encompassing directive it wants us to analyse the political situation and the state of affairs of Indian democracy and write at length about the challenges faced by them. Then we have to provide solutions/ suggest a way forward for these problems.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– mention that India is the world’s largest democracy and one one of the most successful young democratic countries. Over there are certain challenges basic by Indian polity and democracy.
Discuss the challenges faced by Indian Polity and democracy, one by one and provide the specific solutions for each challenge/problem.
e.g issue of defections and horse trading- solution: Make the anti-defection law more stringent with higher punishments and debarment; issue of the discretionary power of the Governor in case of hung assembly- solution: Implement the recommendations of the commissions like sarkaria Commission which also devised the rule for giving priority in government formation; issue of post poll alliances etc.
Conclusion- Bring out a fair, balanced and a concise conclusion based on your discussion and personal opinion as reflected in your answer.