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2) With India calibrating its relations with other powers, the India-U.S. equation is not quite balancing out. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Topic: India and its bilateral relations

2) With India calibrating its relations with other powers, the India-U.S. equation is not quite balancing out. Critically analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

The current geopolitical environment is one which requires a fine balancing of relations, with both bilateral and plurilateral issues impacting a nation’s equation with other nations. India USA relationship is no different. Analyzing the India USA relationship in light of the several push and pull factors is thus important.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the impact that other stakeholders, apart from USA and India,have on India USA bilateral relationship. Thereafter, we need to analyze whether this is affecting India USA bilateral relationship adversely. A fair, balanced conclusion needs to be drawn at the end, along with a way forward.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Paint a brief overview of the history of India USA relationship and mention that it has not reached its true potential.

Body

  • Talk about the various external factors, where India’s attempt at balancing has led to constraints in India US partnership – JCPOA, Indo Pacific, QUAD, China etc
  • Examine the impact that these factors have on their bilateral relationship. Analyze, whether despite these divergences the relationship is progressing or is searching for a balance. Here, discuss cooperation in various strategic areas like maritime cooperation, NSG membership etc. Also discuss where cooperation is failing as a result of not matching of vision.

Conclusion – Provide a fair and balanced view on the statement in question and discuss way forward.