Topic – Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their
effects on industrial growth.
5) India’s sugarcane woes seems to be a recurrent theme. Examine the challenges associated with this industry which has led to the crisis? Also examine whether the steps taken by the government would mitigate the industry’s woes?(250 words)
Why this question
Each year, the woes of sugarcane farmers and the inability of mill owners to pay their arrears comes to light. Recently CCEA has approved a slew of measures to deal with this. Understanding what the challenge is and the ways in which government is attempting to resolve it, along with its effectiveness is important.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the reasons behind the recurrent woes in sugar industry. The problem is to be analyzed from various perspective like economic, geographical, environmental, global demand supply etc . Thereafter the steps taken by the government to deal with the current crisis needs to be mentioned. Whether or not this is sufficient, whether we have implemented Rangarajan committee recommendations properly etc are issues that needs to be analyzed.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – highlight that the problem in sugar industry repeats every year and needs closer examination.
- Discuss the issues and also mention why these issues are so knotty. Over procurement leading to falling prices, but necessary to ensure farmers welfare, issue of MSP etc
- Discuss the steps taken by the government. Examine whether they are sufficient by understanding whether they address the core problems.
- Examine whether the gaps identified by previous committees have been plugged.
Conclusion – Present your view on the status of sugar industry and present a way forward.