TOPIC: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests
3) What were the important features and achievements of League of Nation. Discuss why you think it failed?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question is quite straightforward in the demands. We need to bring out the features, achievements and the shortcomings of the league of nations. Whether it’s shortcomings led to WW2 is a questions that needs deeper examination.
Discuss – The main reasons for failure has to be brought out. We also need to present our view on how significant these failures were in leading to WW2.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention that In his “14 point program for world peace”, US President Woodrow Wilson, emphasized the need of a global body to provide a forum for resolving international disputes and precluding another world war.
- Highlight the mechanism of LoN to settle disputes
- Discuss the achievements of LoN
- Examine the reasons for failure and how critical were they in leading to WW2
Conclusion – Mention that albeit, LoP had certain credit to its name, but due to such inherent weaknesses, inability to enforce the territorial-rights and the unstable economic-political situation of the world, League of Nations failed to fulfil its objective of maintaining the world order.