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2) The government’s decision to release an annual “state of nutrition” report, is a welcome but insufficient step to address India’s nutrition challenges holistically.  Critically analyse. (250 words)

TopicWelfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

2) The government’s decision to release an annual “state of nutrition” report, is a welcome but insufficient step to address India’s nutrition challenges holistically.  Critically analyse. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

India is home to the world’s largest population of undernourished children. Under such circumstances, the government’s decision to bring an annual State of Nutrition report is a welcome step. However, such report would not give a complete picture of the nutrition problems faced by India. The issues related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss the advantages of/ need for a regular state of Nutrition report in the context of India. It also wants us to bring forth the limitations/ inadequacies in the above step of releasing an annual report on the state of Nutrition. We have to form our personal opinion on the overall issue.

Directive word

Critically analyse- the question directs us to identify the key aspects/ demands of the question, discuss them individually while forming a coherent connection/ flow between the two. Based on our discussion we have to form our personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention that India’s decision to release annual reports on the state of Nutrition is a welcome step.

Body

  1. Discuss in points, India’s undernutrition problem in order bring out the need for an annual report on the state of Nutrition. Mention the values (as derived from surveys) of key parameters like stunting, wasting, anaemic women etc.
  2. Discuss, how any state of Nutrition report which does not capture overnutrition is incomplete. Mention the number/ percentage of obese people in India, less lean meat and more body fat among the Indians which predisposes them to obesity, Indian dietary habits, increased consumption of junk food etc.

Conclusion- conclude your answer with your opinion in the form of a way forward- e.g promote crop diversity (to enable dietary diversity) as well as regulatory and fiscal measures (to decrease the availability, affordability and promotion of unhealthy foods, while making healthy foods more accessible).