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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 JUNE 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the
present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1) Analyze the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 and examine the validity of Germany’s objections to the treaty.(250 words) 

Indian express

Financial express

Key demand of the question

The question asks you to delve deeper into the provisions of the policy to examine whether Germany was hard done by, and its feeling of angst at the injustice meted out leading to world war 2.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Briefly introduce the treaty of Versailles.

Body

  • Mention the provisions of the treaty and the fact.
  • Analyze the reasons why the provisions might have seemed harsh to Germans. Also provide counter arguments as to why the provisions were not that harsh.
  • Dictated peace
  • Several points not taken from Woodrow Wilson’s 14 point speech, loss of territory
  • Etc
  • Provide conclusion on the lines of – Germans had certain causes of communication paint but the treaty could have been harsher.

 


General Studies – 2


TopicIssues relating to poverty and hunger.

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

2) India needs a third generation right to food legislation to address failings in its food security programme. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

National Food Security Act is a historic legislation, reflecting the evolution of the first generation and the second generation of food security agendas/concepts. It is opined that the situation has reached where the Indian food security programme needs to undergo the third generation reform. The question is related to GS2 syllabus under the following heading-

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

And to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to highlight the feelings in India’s food security programme and express your opinion on, whether India needs a third generation right to food legislation.

Directive word

Comment- we have to express our personal opinion on the issue. However, our opinion should reflect our understanding of the failings/ issues in India’s food security programme and need for 3rd Generation legislative reforms in India’s food security programme.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  Mention the first ( problem of supply) and second generation (the problem of physical and economic access)  reforms in the history of India’s food security programme.

Body-

  1. Discuss in points the issues associated with India’s food security programme. e.g whole population is not covered, right to nutritious/ wholesome food not guaranteed, people like the homeless, helpless migrants still lack the access to food, a claim under the Act would not be available in times of “war, flood, drought, fire, cyclone or earthquake, the NFSA is framed in such a way that the courts can’t go beyond the provisions of the NFSA in terms of what it could order the government to give citizens etc.
  2. discuss the issue of environmental degradation, climate change, increased incidence of disasters, and high vulnerability of Indian population, particularly those belonging to the lower segments, which demands to include stability of food supplies.

Conclusion-mention the right to food as a basic human right and also mention India’s commitments under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and mention how the third generation reforms would bring out the true spirit of the NFSA.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

3) What do you understand by Geospatial Intelligence. Discuss how it acts as a force multiplier for the defence and security of a country.(250 words)

pib

Wikipedia

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question

GIS provides one of the most invaluable tools for defence and public organisations– information. GIS technology has become an indispensable tool to gather data and intel for purposes of analysing, modeling, planning and building to fulfil the full spectrum of government functionalities. The issue is related to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to simply describe the meaning of the term, geospatial intelligence and elaborate the key principles.  It then wants us to write in detail about its role in promoting the defence and security of a country.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the meaning, underlying principles and role played by geospatial intelligence as a force multiplier for defence and security of a country. Here we should support our answer with some examples.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Give a brief but a comprehensive definition of the term geospatial intelligence.

Body

  • Discuss the key principles underlying the geospatial intelligence. E.g seeks knowledge to achieve a decision advantage, information denial and deception (D&D), reveals how human action is constrained by the physical landscape and human perceptions of Earth etc.
  • Discuss in points how exploitation of geointelligence and associated technologies can act as a force multiplier for the defence and security of the country. Take help of the articles attached with the question to frame your answer. Also give examples of such technologies/ techniques used/ put in place by other countries; Afghan war, Iraq war etc.

Conclusion- Mention the need to harness the given technologies  and mention projects like the hexagon project.


 

TopicMajor crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) Discuss the challenges faced by the farmers in availing benefits under the PMFBY. Also, suggest some points to improve the performance of the scheme.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is A flagship programme of the incumbent government. It is one of the programs included in Prime Minister’s award for excellence in public administration 2018. The issue is related to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Key demand of the question

The question simply wants us to write in detail about the problems faced by farmers in availing benefits under the scheme. It also wants us to give suggestions to improve the performance of the scheme.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about both demands of the question-  problems faced and suggestions for improvement. Be as exhaustive as possible in highlighting the number of problems. And also feel free to suggest radical but plausible ideas to improve the performance of the scheme.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- briefly describe the aim of PMFBY scheme and its strategy (providing financial support to farmers suffering crop losses/ damage, stabilizing income of farmers, adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices, ensure the flow of credit to the agriculture sector).

Body-

  1. Discuss in points the difficulties faced by farmers in availing benefits under the scheme. (e.g lack of awareness  among the non-loanee farmers, delay in disbursal of claims, non-availability of information related to crops, complicated process of claiming insurance, difficulty in conducting crop cutting experiments, damage from wildlife not covered, high premium amount on cash crops)

 

  1. Discuss in points, how the scheme could be improvised.

e.g simplifying the process of applying for and claiming the Crop Insurance, conduct IEC activities to motivate farmers  and enrol them under the scheme, the convergence of geotagging of Crop cutting experiments with the digitisation of land records, use of satellite imagery for assessing crop damage, dissemination of information to farmers

regularly.

Conclusion- mention the need of agriculture department and revenue authorities to work in tandem for the inclusive coverage of all farmers under the scheme.


Topic: Environmental pollution and degradation

5) “Beat plastic pollution” the theme for World Environment Day, for its success in India, requires India to bring certain changes in its Plastic Waste Management Rules. Discuss. (250 words)

Financial express

Reference

Why this question

India, as the host country of World Environment Day, carries the onus to lead by example in management of plastic waste. Plastic waste management rules 2016 which have been amended in 2018, fills in certain gaps of the past rules but still requires several changes to function effectively. Topics related to plastic pollution is very important for mains this year.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to analyze the details of the solid waste management rules 2016 and its amendments carried out in 2018, along with its implementation to assess their effectiveness in tackling plastic pollution.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the focus on tackling plastic pollution by making it the theme of world environment day, as several reports have highlighted the alarming magnitude to which this problem has grown.

Body

  • Mention the status quo regarding the extent of plastic pollution in India – data on generation, treatment etc of plastics. Paint the broad picture of the extent of plastic pollution for which the government has revised rules.
  • Discuss the positives of the rules – EPR, attaching a monetary worth to plastics etc.
  • Thereafter, bring out the points in the rules which either impede, or do not facilitate tackling plastic pollution. Also discuss the problems with implementation of these rules.
  • Highlight the changes that need to be brought in the rules which would make dealing with plastic waste a little less cumbersome

Conclusion – present your view on the changes required and the ways to achieve them.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6) Can we have a common framework, which can ensure ethical behaviour on part of men/ women as well as the state, in today’s society. Discuss any four principles of such a framework. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

In ethics, one of the fundamental questions is how do we know what is the correct behaviour on part of people or the state. What should be the criteria used it to judge our decisions. The issue is related to gs4 syllabus under the following heading-

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to devise a framework based on certain key principles and which could be used to ensure that men as well as the state behave in an ethical manner. We have to determine the priorities and Express over opinion on the top four of them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- mention that human behaviour/ judgement is guided by different sources and varies under different circumstances.

Body

  1. Highlight the commonly used sources for guiding decision making.

Adhering to a set of rules or duties

Focusing on the consequences of your actions

Emphasizing the intrinsic character of actors

Faith, accepting a higher power.

  1. Briefly mention the nature of the present society where borders are irrelevant and priorities and problems are different. Then based on your opinion mention the four key principles that could form a framework to ensure ethical behaviour.

Take help of the article attached to the question. You will get 3 principles from the article and you need to figure one by yourself.

Conclusion– form a concise, fair and a balanced opinion on the given statement based on your own understanding and opinion.

 

 

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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