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2) India needs a third generation right to food legislation to address failings in its food security programme. Comment.(250 words)

TopicIssues relating to poverty and hunger.

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

2) India needs a third generation right to food legislation to address failings in its food security programme. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

National Food Security Act is a historic legislation, reflecting the evolution of the first generation and the second generation of food security agendas/concepts. It is opined that the situation has reached where the Indian food security programme needs to undergo the third generation reform. The question is related to GS2 syllabus under the following heading-

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

And to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to highlight the feelings in India’s food security programme and express your opinion on, whether India needs a third generation right to food legislation.

Directive word

Comment- we have to express our personal opinion on the issue. However, our opinion should reflect our understanding of the failings/ issues in India’s food security programme and need for 3rd Generation legislative reforms in India’s food security programme.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  Mention the first ( problem of supply) and second generation (the problem of physical and economic access)  reforms in the history of India’s food security programme.

Body-

  1. Discuss in points the issues associated with India’s food security programme. e.g whole population is not covered, right to nutritious/ wholesome food not guaranteed, people like the homeless, helpless migrants still lack the access to food, a claim under the Act would not be available in times of “war, flood, drought, fire, cyclone or earthquake, the NFSA is framed in such a way that the courts can’t go beyond the provisions of the NFSA in terms of what it could order the government to give citizens etc.
  2. discuss the issue of environmental degradation, climate change, increased incidence of disasters, and high vulnerability of Indian population, particularly those belonging to the lower segments, which demands to include stability of food supplies.

Conclusion-mention the right to food as a basic human right and also mention India’s commitments under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and mention how the third generation reforms would bring out the true spirit of the NFSA.

 

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