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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 JUNE 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1)The ultimate aim of Ashoka’s Dhamma was to create a harmonious atmosphere in the state, where all people irrespective of their religious and cultural diversities, lived in peace and harmony with each other.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

The question is an important and controversial topic INDIRECTLY related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

key demand of the question

The question wants us to dig deep the into the policy of Dhamma adopted by Ashoka, identify the reasons behind the policy, its achievements. We have to provide justification in the form of facts/ arguments to support our identification of the reasons.

Directive word

Examine- we have to look into the details of the Ashoka’s policy of Dhamma and find out how the ultimate aim of the policy was to create a harmonious atmosphere in the state, where all people irrespective of their religious and cultural diversities, lived in peace and harmony with each other.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that the word Dhamma is derived from the Sanskrit word dharma and has no equivalent meaning in the English language, because of a specific context in which the term developed and applied.

Body-

  1.  Discuss in points, how the policy of Dhamma was meant to reduce various conflicts and discords present in the Mauryan society at that time.

e.g socio-economic condition- use of iron, the growth of Commerce and urban centres demanded a flexible social organization but the society was sharply divided by the caste system. Buddhism appeal to the lower sections of the society.

  1. Mention the rock edicts which give us an idea of the purpose of the policy of Dhamma.

Take help of the article attached to the question to frame your answer.

Conclusion– mention that Ashoka’s Dhamma was an answer to the socio-political needs of the contemporaneous situation.


TOPIC: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial
revolution, world wars.

2) Bismarck united Germany not by majority of votes and speeches but by a policy of Blood and iron. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question makes an assertion that Bismarck’s policy of blood and iron was the major reason behind Germany’s unification. We have to, thus, explain what policy of blood and iron meant. We have to understand Bismarck’s contribution to the cause of German Unification and examine whether it was only his policy of blood and iron that led to unification, or there were other factors like his focus on coal and steel, industrialization etc that led to unification.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Talk about the situation in Europe during German Unification and that Bismarck employed several strategies to achieve the impossible.

Body

 

  • Explain what policy of blood and iron is and how Bismarck employed it in the 3 wars he fought, and how it brought Germany closer to the goal of unification.
  • Explain the various other policies of Bismarck which led to German Unification.
  • Analyze if it was only his policy of blood and iron that led to unification, or was it a combination of various factors.

 

Conclusion – provide your view on the assertion made in the question by summarising your arguments above.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Pre-litigation mediation is an important step to improve the ease of doing business. Discuss in the context of how India can learn from the experience of other countries.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

The recent Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division High Courts (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018, has made pre-litigation mediation mandatory. However, the concept of mediation is not new in India. In this regard, we can learn from the experiences of other countries where the process has been successful. The issue is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to analyse the mediation process in India, highlight its deficiencies and discuss examples from other countries where mediation process has largely been successful.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive. We have to briefly describe the process of mediation, its application in India and examples from other countries.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the recent ordinance which has made pre-litigation mediation compulsory for the parties.

Body-

  1. Briefly describe the process of mediation and its main features.
  2. Mention the laws which allow mediation in India- e.g Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996,Code of Civil Procedure, MSME Development Act, 2006.
  3. Discuss the Italian example of a voluntary yet once mandatory experiment which gives tax benefits as well.

Conclusion– Mention the need of a holistic and systematic policy to address the process, the role and professional responsibilities of mediators, the rights and obligations of parties in the process, and the outcome of the mediation agreement.

 


TopicGovernment policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

 4) Behaviour change communication (BCC) could be the key to changing attitudes and behaviour patterns.  What do you understand by BCC and discuss its role in improving our health.(250 words)

The  hindu

Wikipedia

Why this question

BCC has been universally accepted as an effective strategy to bring about changing attitudes and behaviour. It has become an important component of many government programs like the Swachh Bharat programme. BCC has been especially successful in controlling HIV infections. The issue is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to simply describe the meaning of the term BCC and then explain and give examples in support to show how it plays the role of improving our health.

Directive word

Discuss- it is an all-encompassing directive. Where we have to describe the meaning of the term BCC, mention the steps in bringing a behaviour change and then write in detail about how BCC plays/ has played the role of improving our health.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– give a brief description of the term BCC.

Body-

  1. Describe the term further. (E.G SBCC employs a systematic process based on research and behaviour analysis, followed by planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. Audiences are carefully segmented, messages and materials are pre-tested, and mass media, interpersonal channels and community mobilisation are used to achieve defined behavioural objectives.
  2. Mention the steps in bringing about a behavioural change.

Unaware > Aware > Concerned > Knowledgeable > Motivated to change > Practicing trial behavior change.

  1. Discuss how BCC has played/ plays the role of protecting and improving our health. Give examples also, like HIV infection, Swachh Bharat programme etc.

Conclusion– mention how BCC can be used to clean our environment, plant trees ( BHUTAN example) etc.


 

Topic– Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Human Resources.

5) India does not figure very high in terms of sporting achievement, but disproportionately high on athletes accused of doping. Examine why and discuss probable solutions to tackle the doping menace.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Close on the heels of the recently concluded Commonwealth Games at Gold Coast, Australia, where the Indian contingent got rapped for alleged violations of the “No Needle Policy”, the Athletics Federation of India (AFI) has reportedly decided to implement a similar policy. This provides an opportune moment to analyze why so many indian athletes are caught for doping and way of addressing this menace.

Key demand of the question

Following points are to be incorporated in your answer

  • The status quo of doping in India
  • The causes behind the high incidents of doping
  • How to deal with it – steps required to check doping
  • Performance of Indian sports regulatory agencies in checking this menace

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Discuss – highlight the possible steps to address doping.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the case in commonwealth which has again brought focus on the issue

Body

  • Discuss the status quo of how many athletes caught and accused for doping
  • Discuss the reasons behind the high number
  • Discuss how sports regulatory agencies are tackling the issue
  • Discuss what more should be done to address doping

Conclusion – discuss the way forward for ensuring that this issue is brought under control

 


General Studies – 3


TopicScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) The applications of blockchain go much beyond its role in crypto currencies. Examine (250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The application of blockchain is increasing and is much moving much beyond its use in digital currencies. We need to be aware of the applications and the importance of blockchain in various sectors.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to discuss the applications of blockchain in various sectors apart from cryptocurrencies. We will thereafter discuss the impacts of such usage.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Define blockchain and mention that it’s role is enhancing

Body – Discuss how blockchain is used in cryptocurrencies. thereafter, mention how the application of blockchain has started moving beyond cryptos and its application is moving into fields like social development, banking etc

Conclusion – Mention the huge role that blockchain can play in our developmental journey and highlight how indian government in focussing on blockchain.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) Discuss the functions of the attitude. Give examples in favour of your answer.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The issue is related to GS 4- syllabus under the following heading –

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the functions of the attitude. However, along with the description, we also have to provide suitable examples to bring a player picture and meaning.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the nature of functions of the attitude along with suitable examples to illustrate our discussion.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- briefly define the term attitude.

Body

  1. Discuss in points, the different functions of attitude.

e.g Knowledge function, Self / Ego-expressive function, Adaptive function,ego-defensive function.

Take the help of the article attached to the question to form your own examples, which bring out the functions of the attitude.

Conclusion– mention the importance of the attitude in determining the behaviour of the persons etc.



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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