Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 JUNE 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 JUNE 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial
revolution, world wars.

1)The American War of Independence deprived Great Britain of one empire, but it strengthened the foundations of another. Examine.(250 words) 

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine whether the loss of British Control in America led to changes in its approach which enabled it to strengthen its hold over another empire (India). Thus we need to point out the steps British took in India post american declaration of independence that enabled it to strengthen its hold over India.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that post american declaration of independence we lived in the era of pax Britannica which meant that Britain took learnings.

Body – Here we have to examine the steps taken by the British to consolidate its hold over India and the learning that British took from American revolution which enabled it to take these steps. Eg Pitts India act 1784, posting experience people in India like Cornwallis, lord Wellesley’s policy of territorial expansion etc

Conclusion – Mention your view on the assertion made in statement based on arguments made.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

2) In using VVPAT machines to reassure sceptics about an election’s integrity, the ECI has introduced a new element, and cost, to the process, which needs to be urgently addressed. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

Electronic voting machines have made the election process simpler and more convenient. However, using of Voter-Verifiable Paper Audit Trails (VVPAT) has added complexity to the system whose failure is manifested in glitches observed in the recent elections. The issue is related to the GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to express our knowledge as well as opinion on the given issue- how the introduction of VVPATs has introduced a new element, and cost to the election process and how should we proceed further in this matter.

Directive word

Comment- we have to express our understanding of the issue and after discussing the relevant material, we have to present our opinion on what should be done in this matter.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Briefly describe the VVPAT system and how it works.

Body

  1. Discuss why VVPAT system was introduced- to allay the fears about the hacking of EVMS.
  2. Discuss the failure rates and reasons for failure- Lack of familiarity with VVPAT system, Hot weather etc.
  3. Discuss how should we proceed further in this matter- e.g deploying the VVPAT machines in a limited, statistically significant, randomly chosen set of polling booths or giving up VVPAT altogether. Also, add reasons for your opinion.

Conclusion- Bring out a fair, concise and a balanced opinion on the given issue in the form of a summary of the above-held discussion. Mention the harms of frequent glitches on the voters trust and on the functioning of the democracy to bring out an urgency in dealing with the mater.

 


Topic: India and its neighbourhood relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3) India should not focus too much on joining NSG. Examine in the light of the evolution of India as a responsible nuclear power.(250 words)

The  hindu

Why this question

India recently celebrated the 20th anniversary of Pokhran tests- officially declared India as a nuclear power. The journey thereafter has not been smooth but why large India has successfully managed to establish its image as a responsible nuclear power. The issue is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading –

India and its neighbourhood relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the evolution of India’s nuclear programme and strategy thank you reasons for why India should not worry too much about joining NSG.

Directive word

Examine- When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Here we have to give reasons in support of the statement that India should not invest too much energy in its bid to join NSG. We have to see how India could achieve the desired objectives without being a member of NSG.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – give a brief description of NSG- 1968 requirement.

Body-

  1. Discuss in paragraphs, how India reacted post-Pokhran tests. We have to lay stress on presenting those aspects/facts/ arguments which establish the opinion that India should not invest too much energy in pursuing NSG membership.

e.g India’s no first use policy, adherence to the terms of NPT without being a member, India-US Nuclear deal and the 2008 NSG waiver which enables India to effectively harness nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

Conclusion- give a fair, concise and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


 

Topic– Role of civil services in a democracy.

4) The government ought to reassess the entire structure of the civil service, instead of taking steps in fits and starts, to make public services more management-oriented and relevant to present challenges. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Off late, there have been several attempts by the government and Niti Ayog to bring about reforms in the civil service structure, design and recruitment process to bring it in tune with the aspirations of modern India. This question enables you to take a holistic view of the entire debate surrounding these reforms and understand how close it will bring us to the requirements of an aspirational India.

Key demand of the question

The question essentially deals with the kind of civil services reforms in the country. It also asks us to examine whether the current step of taking scattered reform measures would enable us to transform public services in the manner required. Thus we have to first analyze the requirement of the kind of reforms required in civil services to keep it relevant to address present challenges.Thereafter we need to analyze whether the steps being pondered upon by the government will take us there. Finally we should discuss some of the holistic reforms required.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Talk about the changes in consideration which has brought attention to civil services reforms.

Body

  • Examine the nature of civil services required to deal with the present challenges and aspirations. Based on that we will have an idea of the kind of reforms required. Here we might mention the areas where reforms are required – recruitment, performance management, role etc
  • Thereafter, we will analyze the steps under consideration such as lateral entry and examination process reforms and analyze whether they are sufficient to achieve our aims.
  • Finally, we will talk about the reforms required as suggested by 2nd ARC, Prakash Singh Case etc to bring about a holistic change in civil services

Conclusion – We will give our view based on the summary of arguments made above.


General Studies – 3


TopicVarious Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

5) Discuss the role of BSF in protecting the country’s borders and it’s sovereignty.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading-

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to simply discuss the role and responsibilities of the Border Security Force of India. We should be as descriptive as possible and we should also highlight some of the major contributions of BSF.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which directs us to write at length about the role of BSF in guarding the country’s borders and protecting its sovereignty.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – give a brief description of The BSF- that it is a paramilitary force under home ministry and established in 1965 and being the world’s largest border guarding force.

Body

Mention in points, the responsibilities of the BSF. Divide the responsibilities into wartime and peace-time duties. Also, mention some of the major contributions of BSF.

Take help of the link attached to the question to frame your answer.

Conclusion- Bring out a fair and concise conclusion on the great role played by BSF under the difficult environments.


Topic – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation ; Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

6) Discuss the importance of biofuels for India? Critically examine whether the national policy on biofuels will help India unlock it’s biofuel potential?(250 words)

The hindu

Economic times

Livemint

pib

 

Why this question

The question is important as the cabinet has a fortnight back approved the national policy on biofuels.

Key demand of the question

Following points are to be incorporated in your answer

  • The ways in which biofuels can resolve several of India’s challenges
  • The main points of the national policy on biofuels and how it will help India unlock it’s biofuel potential. Also point out its shortcomings

Directive word

Discuss – highlight the key ways in which biofuels are beneficial for India

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that cabinet has recently approved the national policy on biofuels.

Body

  • Highlight the ways in which biofuel is advantageous for the country
  • Discuss the main provisions of the policy
  • Examine its pros and cons in helping India unlock it’s biofuel potential. Discuss under heads like financing, supply chain, raw materials etc

Conclusion – Present your view and highlight the importance of assessing technical and financial feasibility as well as focus on implementation.


 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]