Topic– Role of civil services in a democracy.
4) The government ought to reassess the entire structure of the civil service, instead of taking steps in fits and starts, to make public services more management-oriented and relevant to present challenges. Critically analyse.(250 words)
Why this question
Off late, there have been several attempts by the government and Niti Ayog to bring about reforms in the civil service structure, design and recruitment process to bring it in tune with the aspirations of modern India. This question enables you to take a holistic view of the entire debate surrounding these reforms and understand how close it will bring us to the requirements of an aspirational India.
Key demand of the question
The question essentially deals with the kind of civil services reforms in the country. It also asks us to examine whether the current step of taking scattered reform measures would enable us to transform public services in the manner required. Thus we have to first analyze the requirement of the kind of reforms required in civil services to keep it relevant to address present challenges.Thereafter we need to analyze whether the steps being pondered upon by the government will take us there. Finally we should discuss some of the holistic reforms required.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Talk about the changes in consideration which has brought attention to civil services reforms.
- Examine the nature of civil services required to deal with the present challenges and aspirations. Based on that we will have an idea of the kind of reforms required. Here we might mention the areas where reforms are required – recruitment, performance management, role etc
- Thereafter, we will analyze the steps under consideration such as lateral entry and examination process reforms and analyze whether they are sufficient to achieve our aims.
- Finally, we will talk about the reforms required as suggested by 2nd ARC, Prakash Singh Case etc to bring about a holistic change in civil services
Conclusion – We will give our view based on the summary of arguments made above.