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3) India should not focus too much on joining NSG. Examine in the light of the evolution of India as a responsible nuclear power.(250 words)

Topic: India and its neighbourhood relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3) India should not focus too much on joining NSG. Examine in the light of the evolution of India as a responsible nuclear power.(250 words)

The  hindu

Why this question

India recently celebrated the 20th anniversary of Pokhran tests- officially declared India as a nuclear power. The journey thereafter has not been smooth but why large India has successfully managed to establish its image as a responsible nuclear power. The issue is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading –

India and its neighbourhood relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the evolution of India’s nuclear programme and strategy thank you reasons for why India should not worry too much about joining NSG.

Directive word

Examine- When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Here we have to give reasons in support of the statement that India should not invest too much energy in its bid to join NSG. We have to see how India could achieve the desired objectives without being a member of NSG.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – give a brief description of NSG- 1968 requirement.

Body-

  1. Discuss in paragraphs, how India reacted post-Pokhran tests. We have to lay stress on presenting those aspects/facts/ arguments which establish the opinion that India should not invest too much energy in pursuing NSG membership.

e.g India’s no first use policy, adherence to the terms of NPT without being a member, India-US Nuclear deal and the 2008 NSG waiver which enables India to effectively harness nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

Conclusion- give a fair, concise and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.