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2) In using VVPAT machines to reassure sceptics about an election’s integrity, the ECI has introduced a new element, and cost, to the process, which needs to be urgently addressed. Comment.(250 words)

Topic:Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

2) In using VVPAT machines to reassure sceptics about an election’s integrity, the ECI has introduced a new element, and cost, to the process, which needs to be urgently addressed. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

Electronic voting machines have made the election process simpler and more convenient. However, using of Voter-Verifiable Paper Audit Trails (VVPAT) has added complexity to the system whose failure is manifested in glitches observed in the recent elections. The issue is related to the GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to express our knowledge as well as opinion on the given issue- how the introduction of VVPATs has introduced a new element, and cost to the election process and how should we proceed further in this matter.

Directive word

Comment- we have to express our understanding of the issue and after discussing the relevant material, we have to present our opinion on what should be done in this matter.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Briefly describe the VVPAT system and how it works.

Body

  1. Discuss why VVPAT system was introduced- to allay the fears about the hacking of EVMS.
  2. Discuss the failure rates and reasons for failure- Lack of familiarity with VVPAT system, Hot weather etc.
  3. Discuss how should we proceed further in this matter- e.g deploying the VVPAT machines in a limited, statistically significant, randomly chosen set of polling booths or giving up VVPAT altogether. Also, add reasons for your opinion.

Conclusion- Bring out a fair, concise and a balanced opinion on the given issue in the form of a summary of the above-held discussion. Mention the harms of frequent glitches on the voters trust and on the functioning of the democracy to bring out an urgency in dealing with the mater.