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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Gee’s golden langur and International Seabed Authority (ISA)


Gee’s golden langur and International Seabed Authority (ISA)

Gee’s golden langur

  1. Endangered — IUCN
  2. Schedule I species in the Wildlife Protection Act (1972)
  3. CITES Appendix I


  1. Habitat
  • found in moist evergreen, dipterocarp, riverine, and moist deciduous forest
  • Range of distribution are very small. These are confined to western Assam and in the neighboring foothills of the Black Mountains of Bhutan


  1. Threats
  • habitat destruction owing to grazing, wood logging, timber collection
  • Hunting
  • Stone quarrying and its associated noise pollution
  • artillery firing practices in the Bamuni hills



International Seabed Authority (ISA)

  1. Established in 1994 by UNCLOS (UN convention on law of sea)
  2. headquarter — Kingston, Jamaica
  3. autonomous intergovernmental body
  4. Observation status at UN
  5. task — organize, regulate and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction
  6. members — 167 members and the European Union


  1. structure
  • Assembly – Consists of all the members
  • Council – consists of 36 members elected by assembly
  • It is the executive organ
  • Establishes specific policies in conformity with the Convention and the general policies set by the Assembly
  • It supervises and coordinates implementation of the elaborate regime established by the Convention
  • secretariat