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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: The Malabar Civet (Kannan chandu Mangala kutri, Bal kutri and Dodda punugina) and International Organization for Migration (IOM)


PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018

The Malabar Civet (Kannan chandu Mangala kutri, Bal kutri and Dodda punugina) and International Organization for Migration (IOM)


The Malabar Civet  (Kannan chandu Mangala kutri, Bal kutri and Dodda punugina)


  1. Critically Endangered — IUCN
  2. Schedule I, part I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
  3. CITES Appendix III (India).
  4. One of the world’s rarest mammal
  5. It is endemic to India
  6. It is nocturnal and elusive in nature
  7. Civetone — extract from the scent gland — used in medicine, and as an aromatic

 

  1. Habitat
  • Wooded plains and hill slopes of evergreen rainforests
  • inhabited lowland forests, lowland swamp and riparian forests in the coastal plain districts of the Western Ghats

 

  1. Distribution –– found exclusively in the Western Ghats

 

  1. Threats
  • Deforestation
  • commercial plantations are major threats.

International Organization for Migration (IOM)


  1. Intergovernmental organization in the field of migration
  2. It works closely with governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental entities to promote humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all.
  3. Permanent Observer status to the UN General Assembly
  4. Headquarter — Geneva, Switzerland.
  5. established — 1951
  6. It was established after world war II to resettle refugees from Europe

 

  1. Members
  • 165 member states (including India)
  • 8 more states holding observer status

 

  1. Function
  • offers services and advice to governments and migrants
  • provides humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced persons

 

  1. four broad areas of migration management in which IOM works
  • Migration and development
  • Facilitating migration
  • Regulating migration
  • Forced migration

 

  • Reports

World Migration Report 2018