Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
7)Discuss the Objectives of National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), India’s flagship programme that aims to make Indian villages climate-proof. Also, discuss the issues affecting the programme that need to be resolved.(250 words)
Why this question
NICRA is one of the several schemes aimed at increasing farmers income, improving productivity, sustainability, climate adaptation etc. The scheme will soon enter its second phase and was launched in 2011. The scheme has a fair potential as can be assessed from its success stories. However, it needs revision and improvement in order to attain its objectives. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to mention the objectives of NICRA and then discuss in detail about the issues affecting the performance of NICRA.
Discuss- We have to write in detail about both the parts of the question- objectives of NICRA and issues affecting its performance. We have to suggest proper and necessary changes along with the logic behind why the change is required in NICRA.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- Give a brief description of NICRA along with year of implementation and its second phase of implementation.
- Discuss in points the objectives of NICRA. You can simply copy them from NICRA’s website and modify them in an easier language, so that you can remember them.
- Discuss the issues affecting NICRA.
E.g scenario of 2020 or later is not taken into account to select the districts, KVKs act as the fulcrum of the scheme and there is shortage of staffa and infrastructure in KVKs, farmers tend to become dependent on KVKs for inputs, knowledge, machinery etc, decreased budgetary allocation, lack of integration with similar schemes etc.
Conclusion– mention how NICRA is the need of the hour and how this programme could act as a pilot programme in India’s fight against climate change etc.. Also mention there is need for improvising it by addressing above discussed issues.