TOPIC: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments,
significant provisions and basic structure.
1)The post of the Governor, by constitutional design, acts as a check upon both federalism and popular democracy. Critically comment.(250 words)
Why this question
The post of the governor has been criticized on various fronts and there have been calls to abolish the office altogether. In the evolving federal structure of India the abolishing of the office or maintaining status quo will have an important bearing on our polity. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to dig deep into the constitutional status and logic behind the post of governor and; discuss how the office is affects the federalism and popular democracy in the country. We have to analyse both the positive and negative aspects of the office and form a personal opinion.
Critically comment- We have to form a personal opinion on the issue after taking into account both the positive aspects/ need, as well as negative aspects of the office of governor. We have to discuss how the office shapes/ has shaped the federal structure and popular democracy in India.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Mention the articles of the constitution related to the office of governor and its powers.
- Discuss the logic behind retaining the office by the constitution assembly and how the office has been misused for political gains and how that affects the federal structure of India and its popular democracy.
e.g discuss the discretionary power of governor which offers huge scope for blatant misuse, discuss the need for protecting national integrity and sovereignty
in a newly formed democratic republic etc
- Discuss the importance of the office in present times.
e.g during emergency, secessionist movements in various parts of the country etc.
Conclusion– Form a fair and balanced opinion on the need and desirability
of the office of the governor and suggest a way forward