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8) Discuss the problems faced by rivers in India. Examine the factors behind failure of river rejuvenation programs in India.(250 words) 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

8) Discuss the problems faced by rivers in India. Examine the factors behind failure of river rejuvenation programs in India.(250 words) 

Reference

The hindu

Why this question

Most of Indian rivers are highly polluted and in stress and the situation  is exacerbated by the Climate Change and a growing population. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the problems faced by Indian rivers and why river rejuvenation programs in India are not successful.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about  the first part of the question- problems faced by rivers;

Examine- we have to bring out the reasons behind poor performance of river rejuvenation programmes in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- mention the health and condition of most of the Indian rivers and programs like  Namami Ganga, Yamuna bachao etc.

Body

  1. discuss in points, problems faced by Indian rivers. e.g pollution, illegal occupation, sand mining, dams, declining flow in peninsular rivers, agricultural flow etc.
  2. Discuss in points, reasons behind failure of river rejuvenation programs. e.g lack of proper planning and timely disbursement of resources, failure to control entry of pollutants, insufficient sewage treatment facilities, open defecation etc.

Conclusion– Present a fair, balanced and concise opinion.