Topic – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
7)Agriculture is being severely impacted by climate change and extreme weather events. Discuss ways of mitigating this challenge.(250 words)
Why this question
Agriculture is critical for the economy and food security but is coming under immense pressure on account of climate change. Understanding the pressure and suggesting adaptation and mitigation steps is important from mains perspective.
Key demand of the question
The question demands us to highlight the ways in which climate change impacts agriculture and what steps in terms of policy, scheme etc can be taken to mitigate the negative impacts.
Discuss – Here the main impact of climate change on agriculture is to be brought out along with steps for addressing the situation.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – highlight the numerous instances of extreme weather events which have led to crop losses etc and how the frequency and severity of such events are increasing.
- Explain that climate change indeed impacts agriculture – highlight the view of experts and IPCC
- Highlight the ways in which climate change is impacting agriculture
- Discuss the various adaptation and mitigation steps we can take to ensure that the negative impacts can be allayed and we are better prepared of handling the adverse impacts
Conclusion – Mention the criticality of the issue and conclude with a way forward.