Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
6)Recently mooted Draft Forest Policy (DFP) will significantly undermine the provisions of Forest Policy, 1988 and hasten diversion of forest land for developmental projects. Analyse.(250 words)
Why this question
Recently mooted DFP of India has been severely criticized for its attempts to undermine the statutory powers of FP, 1988. This will have huge implications on the future of our forests. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to discuss the statutory provisions of DFP, and how the FP attempts to undermine the DFP provisions.
Analyse- we have to identify the key aspects of the question- provisions of DFP, their statutory nature and how they will be affected by FP.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- Discuss the Forest (conservation) Act and its power to grant permissions .
- Discuss the SC judgements which confer statutory backing to the DFP
- Discuss the provision of DFP which requires prior careful examination by specialists for the social and environmental costs and benefits associated with any diversion of forest land.
- Discuss the provision mandating total safeguard of Tropical rain / moist forests.
Conclusion- Mention the need to revise the DFP and involve all stakeholders in framing a scientifically backed, socio-economically sensitive, and long term FP.