5) Under the present  circumstances, a unilateral ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir is not only fraught with dangers, but also difficult to secure. Analyse.(250 words)

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TOPIC:Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

5) Under the present  circumstances, a unilateral ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir is not only fraught with dangers, but also difficult to secure. Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

why this question

Militant recruitment and terrorist attacks in J & K  have increased in recent years and so have the incidents like stone pelting, student protests etc. The local representatives have called for a ceasefire in the wake of the Ramadan, but there are several issues involved. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to deliberate upon the present situation in J&K and  analyse why it will be difficult or even a wrong to secure a ceasefire ( unilateral or bilateral).

Directive word

Examine- we have to bring out all the necessary facts/ arguments to see why securing a ceasefire agreement in J&K would be dangerous and difficult.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the present proposal of the political parties in J&K to secure a ceasefire and the previous time when such an agreement could be secured ( under AB Vajpayee).

Body

  1. Discuss the dangers involved in securing such agreement. ( e.g increase in attacks on, and casualty of security forces, decrease in morale of security forces etc).
  2. Discuss in points why it would be difficult to achieve. ( e.g To BJP, talks are not acceptable with separatists, separatist camp dominated by hardliners, absence of parallel talks with Pakistan etc).

Conclusion– Summarize your discussion in a concise manner and suggest some measures to ameliorate the situation ( e.g peace building measures like relaxation in AFSPA, release of first time offenders etc.).