Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc., Investment models.
6)The aspiration for access to clean, reliable and affordable power for all is not free from barriers and fallibility. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
Recently India achieved universal electrification as per the official definition of electrification. This is a big milestone for India but there are several issues involved which hamper the access to clean, reliable and affordable electricity for all. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc., Investment models.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to put reasons in support of the given statement i.e The aspiration for access to clean, reliable and affordable power for all is not free from barriers and fallibility and justify the same with the help of facts/ arguments.
Examine- we have to dig deeper into the issue and bring out reasons in support of the given statement. We have to justify that universal electrification will not be enough to provide a reliable and affordable power for all.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- mention India’s recent achievement of universal electrification.
Body- discuss the definition of electrification and then discuss in points about, why a reliable and affordable power for all is a distant dream.
e.g 33 million rural households still not electrified, inadequate distribution and transmission infrastructure, concurrence between energy poverty and economic poverty like in states of UP, MP, Bihar, Odisha etc, weak financial position of state discoms and huge debts etc.
Conclusion- bring out a fair and balanced opinion based on the above discussion and highlight the importance of electrification for development.