Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests
3) In order to make Paris Climate deal successful, it is essential to create a fair and equity based rule book at the earnest. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Paris Climate deal is a historic agreement that aims to address climate change and global rise in ambient temperatures. The rule book under the Paris agreement, which will lay down the rules for operation of the agreement is to be finalised by this year end. The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading-
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to deliberate on the rule book under the Paris agreement, its significance, key issues involved and present our opinion on the need to finalise it by the year end.
Comment- we have to present our opinion on the given issue and put behind a context and a body of arguments in its support.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- Give a brief description of the meaning of rule book under Paris agreement and different subsidiary parties to be formed.
Discuss in points various issues responsible for disagreement and slow progress.
e.g issues of Stocktake, accounting, finance, enhanced transparency framework, adaptation communications etc.
Opposition by developed countries to launch a process on deciding new quantitative goal for finance by 2025, to provide ex-ante biennial communication under Article 9.5 of the Paris Agreement and to operationalise the Adaptation Conclusion- Mention the overall imperative of addressing Climate Change and global warming and need for the developing and developed countries to work together to frame a fair and equity based rule book under the Paris agreement.