TOPIC: Role of women and women’s organization. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
1) Temple movements in India have shifted focus from being caste based to gender based. Examine. (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question makes an assertion that the focus of temple entry movements has shifted from ensuring non discrimination on the basis of caste to non discrimination on the basis of gender. This issue also gains importance in terms of the protests and court’s involvement required in Sabarimala etc. We have to first examine how the temple entry movements of early years were caste based and how they are placing greater emphasis on gender now.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Here we have to probe deeper into the aims and objectives of the temple entry movement of past and present.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention about the various fault lines in Indian society which gets exacerbated when religion is introduced into the picture leading to demands for reforms.
- Examine the temple entry movements such as Aravipuram, Sikh Gurudwara reform movements etc and how caste was the dominant theme in those movements
- Examine the recent demands for reforms in case of Sabarimala etc and how gender is also becoming a major issue
- Examine whether caste is no longer relevant in temple reform movements now – talk about discrimination still persisting etc
Conclusion – Mention your view on the assertion made in the question based on your arguments above.