TOPIC: Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
1)The policy of Salutary neglect ultimately paved way for the American Revolution. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
American Revolution is an important part of world history and salutary neglect by the British is implicated as one of the main reasons which led to the American Revolution. The question is related to the GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-
Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to deliberate upon the meaning, and role of the policy of Salutary neglect adopted by the British, in paving way for the American Revolution.
Discuss- the question directs us to write in detail about the policy of Salutary neglect adopted by the British- describe the policy in detail and then discuss to what extent did this policy influence the American Revolution.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– explain the meaning of the term salutary neglect.
- Give examples of British policies to show that salutary neglect was a deliberate policy design. e.g Prime Minister Robert Walpole’s statement, slack enforcement of the Navigation Acts etc.
- Explain how the end of the policy of salutary neglect was a contributing factor of American Revolution. Give an account of the successive British policies (Stamp act, Sugar act, Intolerable acts etc) which were contradictory to the earlier salutary neglect, and explain how they lead to greater public resentment and ultimately to the American Revolution.
Conclusion- mention the different perspectives (American vs British) of interpreting the Salutary neglect policy and give a personal opinion on the issue.