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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Bengal Florican and World Health Organization


Bengal Florican and World Health Organization

Bengal Florican

  1. Critically Endangered – IUCN
  2. CITES Appendix I.
  3. rare bustard species that is very well known for its mating dance
  4. Habitat
  • Grasslands occasionally interspersed with scrublands
  • Range — Cambodia, India and Nepal
  • India — Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh


  1. Threats:
  • extensive loss and modification of grasslands through drainage, conversion to agriculture and plantations, overgrazing, inappropriate cutting, burning and ploughing regimes
  • heavy flooding
  • invasion of alien species
  • scrub expansion
  • dam construction


  1. Protected areas
  • Dibru-Saikhowa national park
  • Kaziranga National Parks
  • Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
  • Chitwan National Park, — Nepal

World Health Organization

  1. established on 7 April 1948
  2. headquarter — Geneva, Switzerland
  3. specialized agency of the United Nations
  4. WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group
  5. It is concerned with international public health.
  6. Predecessor
  • International Sanitary Conferences — A series of 14 conferences that lasted from 1851 to 1938. The International Sanitary Conferences worked to combat many diseases, chief among them cholera, yellow fever, and the bubonic plague
  • Health Organization — agency of the League of Nations


  1. Reports
  • World Health Report, the worldwide World Health Survey
  • Global Urban Air Pollution database 


  1. Governance
  • world Health Assembly — Geneva
  • legislative and supreme body of WHO
  • appoints the Director-General every five years
  • votes on matters of policy and finance of WHO, including the proposed budget
  • reviews reports of the Executive Board
  • Executive body
  • 34 members, technically qualified in the field of health elected by the world health assembly for three-year terms
  • carry out the decisions and policies of the Assembly, to advise it and to facilitate its work


  1. International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
  • health care classification system to provide a system of diagnostic codes for classifying diseases, including nuanced classifications of wide variety of signs, symptoms, complaints, abnormal findings, social circumstances, and external causes of injury or disease


  1. Its current priorities include
  • communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis
  • the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases
  • sexual and reproductive health, development, and ageing
  • nutrition, food security and healthy eating
  • occupational health;
  • ubstance abuse
  • driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking