PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Dhole (Asiatic wild dog ,Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red dog,or mountain wolf) and Bonn Convention —- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018

Dhole (Asiatic wild dog ,Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red dog,or mountain wolf) and Bonn Convention —- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals


Dhole (Asiatic wild dog ,Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red dog,or mountain wolf)


  1. Endangered –IUCN
  2. CITES – Appendix II
  3. Shedule II of wildlife act
  4. canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia
  5. The dhole is a highly social animal, living in large clans without rigid dominance hierarchies and containing multiple breeding females
  6. Habitat
  • Dhole is a habitat generalist, and can occur in a wide variety of vegetation types, including: primary, secondary and degraded forms of tropical dry and moist deciduous forests; evergreen and semi-evergreen forests; temperate deciduous forests; boreal forests; dry thorn forests; grassland–scrub–forest mosaics; temperate steppe; and alpine steppe
  1. Threats
  • Depletion of prey base
  • Habitat loss and transformation
  • Persecution of Dholes stems mainly from retaliatory killings due to livestock predation
  • Disease and pathogens: Dholes are susceptible to rabies, canine distemper, canine parvovirus and sarcoptic mange among others which are usually contracted from domestic village dogs that act as reservoirs.
  • Competition with other species like Tigers and Leopards for prey

 

 

 

 


Bonn Convention  —- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals


  1. conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range
  2. intergovernmental treaty
  3. concluded under the aegis of UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)
  4. signed — 1979 in Bad Godesberg, a suburb of Bonn (hence the name
  5. entered into force — 1983
  6. depositary — government of the Federal Republic of Germany.
  7. The CMS is the only global and UN-based intergovernmental organization established exclusively for the conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.
  8. Membership — 124 Parties (April 2018)
  9. CMS COP – Global Wildlife Conference.

COP12 — Manila, Philippines

India will host next Conference of Parties 13 (CMS COP13) in year 2020.