TOPIC : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
6)“Indian philosophy is essentially a philosophy of values.” Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Indian philosophies is one of the oldest philosophies in the world with certain peculiar traits and lines of thought. Indian philosophy has a lot to share with the western and eastern philosophies but also differs from them in certain key respects. The issue is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading-
Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
Key demand of the question.
The question simply wants us to brainstorm on the above statement and decide whether Indian philosophy is essentially a philosophy of values. Whatever our stand, we have to justify it with proper and valid arguments/ facts/ examples.
Comment-we have to present our personal opinion on the given statement and bring-out justifications in support of our answer.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- briefly discuss Indian philosophies roots in vedas and their link with morality.
- Discuss main schools of Indian Philosophy and differentiate between orthodox and heterodox schools of thought.
- Discuss the similarities of Indian philosophies and their stress on linking philosophy with practice. E.g Indian ethics is based on Purusarthas i.e. ultimate goal of life. The Indian conception of values- viz the four connote as the goals of human life to be achieved through activities or practice, Indian philosophy is mainly axiological and additionally, cosmological and epistemological etc.
Conclusion– present a balanced and fair opinion on the given statement and mention lack of attention towards scientific study of ethics