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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Hispid hare (Assam rabbit or Bristly rabbit),Rotterdam Convention — on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade and Basel Convention — Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal


PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018

Hispid hare (Assam rabbit or Bristly rabbit),

Rotterdam Convention — on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade 

Basel Convention — Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal


Hispid hare (Assam rabbit or  Bristly rabbit)


  1. leporid native to South Asia
  2. Endangered — IUCN
  3. Habitat
  • occupies tracts of early successional tall grasslands, locally termed elephant grass. During the dry season, most grassy areas are subject to burning, and the rabbits take refuge in marshy areas or grasses adjacent to river banks that are not susceptible to burning
  1. range — southern foothills of the Himalayas
  2. Threats
  • habitat loss — caused by encroaching agriculture, logging, flood control, and human development
  • natural process of succession of grassland into woodlands reduces suitable habitat for
  1. conservation
  • CITES Appendix I
  • Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act of 1972
  • Protected ares
  1. Dudwa National Park –UP,
  2. Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary – west Bengal
  3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary — Assam
  4. Barnodi Wildlife Sanctuary  — Assam

 

 

 

 


Rotterdam Convention — on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade


  1. United Nations treaty
  2. multilateral treaty
  3. Signed — 10 September 1998
  4. Effective — 24 February 2004
  5. It covers pesticides and industrial chemicals that have been banned or severely restricted for health or environmental reasons by Parties and which have been notified by Parties for inclusion in the PIC procedure
  6. Convention creates legally binding obligations for the implementation of the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure
  7. It built on the voluntary PIC procedure, initiated by UNEP and FAO in 1989 and ceased on 24 February 2006.

 


Basel Convention —  Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal


  1. opened for signature on 22 March 1989
  2. entered into force on 5 May 1992
  3. Parties — 185 states and the European Union (As of feb 2018)
  4. Haiti and the United States have signed the Convention but not ratified
  5. It is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs).
  6. It does not address the movement of radioactive waste.
  7. The Convention is also intended to minimize the amount and toxicity of wastes generated, to ensure their environmentally sound management and to assist LDCs in environmentally sound management of the hazardous and other wastes they generate.